Classical and Koine Greek

Lessons by Graecomuse

Important Rules to Remember When Learning Ancient Greek Part 1

There are many reasons why one may study ancient Greek and Koine Greek; as a student of the classics, archaeology, new testament studies, pure interest, but when we learn a new language we are often bowled over by the amount of rules and terms to remember with just the basics. So in response to some of my students I am here providing some of the most important rules when learning basic Greek so one can remember them, refer to them and read the Greek better.

Important Rules to Remember When Learning Ancient Greek Part 2

Well with part one of ‘Important Rules to Remember When Learning Ancient Greek’ being the most viewed post in last three months, let me present you with part two. Important rules to remember when looking at the imperfective and the aorist. Hopefully this will be helpful in remembering terms and simple rules when you are in the process of learning or improving your Greek.

Important Rules to Remember When Learning Ancient Greek Part 3!

This post will look at the most important things to remember when learning about the Greek personal pronouns, the perfect and pluperfect tenses and a few significant verbs to remember when reading ancient and New Testament Greek. For Parts one and two of the series, click on the links below before reading this post. Enjoy!

Important Rules to Remember When Learning Ancient Greek Part 4!

This post looks at the basic demonstrative pronouns, which I may address again later when I have more time, and the present and middle voices in Classical and Koine Greek. Hope you find this interesting and/or useful.



BooksBlack's Learn Greek

For easy purchase of Koine Greek Text Books straight to your door within the week, check out the Koorong bookshop online at


(I hope to see you in my Koine Greek classes in January and July! See the above link)

Online Tools

Perseus Vocabulary Tools

Perseus maintains a web site that showcases collections and services developed as a part of research efforts over the years. Contains search tools for ancient Greek and Latin texts, dictionaries, word and vocabulary tools. Also links to artefact information.

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae

The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) is a research center at the University of California, Irvine. Founded in 1972 the TLG has collected and digitized most literary texts written in Greek from Homer to the fall of Byzantium in AD 1453.

New Testament Greek Grammar Books

This list (along with the page entitled “Greek Reference Books“) includes study aids, Greek grammars, and linguistic helps.

Textkit: Greek and Latin Learning Tools

Offers a large library of over 180 of the very best Greek and Latin textkbooks on our Ancient Greek and Latin Learning pages.

Library of Ancient Texts Online

Greek Education on Red Figure Pottery

The Library of Ancient Texts Online aims to be the internet’s most thorough catalogue of online copies of ancient Greek texts, both in Greek and in translation. This is a site for all with an interest in the Classics.

Bibliotheca Augustana

Little Greek 101

This is an evolving online textbook for beginning New Testament Greek.

New Testament Tutorials Online

Series of lessons to learn New Testament Greek with additional resources and video lectures.

Biblion 2000

Complete Bible text in English and Greek.

The Bible Tool

A free, evolving open source tool for exploring the Bible and related texts online.

Wescott-Hort New Testament

Complete Wescott-Hort New Testament literal translation of the New Testament from Greek to English.

The Apostolic Bible

Old and New Testament Bible resources and downloads.

PDF Bibles

List and downloads of Greek and English New Testament texts plus those available for Kindle and other e-readers.

SBL Greek New Testament

The SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT) is a new edition of the Greek New Testament, established with the help of earlier editions. In particular, four editions of the Greek New Testament were utilized as primary resources in the process of establishing the SBLGNT.

Catalogue of New Testament Papyri and Codices: 2nd-10th Centuries

List and links to papyri, catalogues, texts and codices of the New Testament. Includes useful Bibliography.


8 thoughts on “Classical and Koine Greek

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    michael9murray said:
    October 30, 2013 at 3:34 am

    I’ve got myself into investigating the use of chiasmic forms. One source used the term ‘bonstrephedon’ from pre-Attic Greek. I have not come across the term anywhere else.
    Is there anything you know about the term and/or form you could point me in the direction of, perhaps?

    Michael M

      GraecoMuse said:
      October 30, 2013 at 3:50 am

      Are you sure they don’t mean boustrophedon? Which means to plough as the ox ploughs, literally ‘ox-turning’. It is a form of text organisation in the greek. Instead of writing left to right or right to left it refers to writing like one would plough a field, one line right to left, next left to right, right to left, left to right etc.

        michael9murray said:
        October 30, 2013 at 11:03 pm

        There, you see, you have righted the boat already!
        BoUstrphedon it is! Ox-turning. Now I really must remember this. Do you know where I can go for more info?

        Great, thanks enormously!

        Michael M

        GraecoMuse said:
        November 1, 2013 at 2:45 am

        No worries. There isn’t much reference to the term in scholarship apart from as a descriptive word. I suggest google it in google books and scholar and you find little bits on it. It’s a term which is just kind of mentioned in passing because the word describes exactly what it does.

        michael9murray said:
        November 1, 2013 at 3:22 am

        This is what I have come up against all along – lack of a term/nomenclature for the form/use. We now have chiasmus, but I can find little to nothing in Aristotle, Cicero onwards. I find this greatly puzzling – it is a majorly used form for constructing a text as well as in lineation.
        I do still have this residual distrust of internet sources as suitably authoritative and acceptable. Give me a book any time!

        GraecoMuse said:
        November 1, 2013 at 3:27 am

        You can find me on facebook if you want to message directly. Search GraecoMuse. University course? That’s why I like JSTOR and Google Scholar. At least they are peer reviewed.

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